Victorian gardens: 1837-1901

The gilded water buffalo sculpture by Waterhouse Hawkins in the part of the garden named China, at Biddulph Grange Garden, Staffordshire

Victorian gardens: 1837-1901

The craze for plant collecting that took hold in the 19th century resulted in a return to a more formal garden style in which to display the latest plant introductions.

The Italian style terraces and balustrades made a welcome return to fashion by those who had tired of too much nature. Parterres were reintroduced, this time filled with the bright colours of exotic species reared in the new technologically advanced glasshouses. Towards the end of the 19th century an appreciation of a more natural garden was expressed, most famously by William Robinson who favoured native plants. This resulted in the fashion for woodland gardens and a return to informality.

A stream running through Bodnant Garden, ConwyStyle at a glance:

  1. Plant collections gathered from all corners of the world
  2. Arboretums to display the collections of trees on a large scale
  3. Flower beds reappear in ever brighter colours
  4. Walled Kitchen Gardens benefit from advanced in technology to produce ever increasing ranges of fruit and vegetable
  5. Advances in glass house technology enabling the most tender of plants to be cultivated at home
  6. Rockeries become the craze as expeditions to mountainous regions increased
  7. Wild gardens increase in popularity as a backlash against the industrial world

Carpet bedding beside the Orchard House at Cragside, Morpeth, NorthumberlandWhere to see Victorian gardens:

  • One of Britain’s most unusual high-Victorian gardens was created by James Bateman to house his collection of plants from around the world. It's made up of a series of connected ‘rooms’, devoted to different parts of the world - at Biddulph you can visit a Victorian vision of China with its bright red pavilion, the pyramids of Egypt and even a Himalayan glen.

    Begun in 1875 Bodnant is a spectacular garden situated above the river Conwy with dramatic views across to Snowdonia. On the upper level huge Italianate terraces and formal lawns give way to a wooded valley, stream and wild garden below.A view of the South Front of Gawthorpe Hall set in it r from May to June.

    One of Britain’s finest high-Victorian gardens is home to one of the largest rock gardens in Europe. The pinetum contains a fine collection of North American conifers and on the terraces is an orchard house, designed specifically for the cultivation of early fruit. The carpet beds, planted out for summer colour, confirms the gardens Victorian origins.

    Gawthorpe has the distinction of a fine parterre designed by that most eminent Victorian architect Sir Charles Barry, while the stone...

Flowers at Hughenden, Buckinghamshire Lush planting in the Orangery at Peckover House A view of the garden in Spring, with azaleas and rhododendrons at Rowallane, Co Down, Northern Ireland Scotney Castle view from the Bastion, Scotney Castle, Kent


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One of NY's most beautiful and unique neighborhoods (known as Surburbia in the City) opens its doors again in Brooklyn o­n Sunday, April 25th from 1 pm to 6 pm. Expansive upscale mansions, ultra affordable coops, cozy middle America surburban homes; a wide variety of architecture and design, all 15 minutes from Manhattan, will are open for tours and free shuttle bus service will be provided. Highlights of this year's tour include:
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  • Avatar Coco How can I encourage ivy to climb a vertical concrete wall?
    Jun 20, 2007 by Coco | Posted in Garden & Landscape

    We have tried to get ivy to grow up our wall, but it appears that the wall is too smooth and vertical. How best can I encourage the ivy to grow? I can dangle string or a net from the top of the wall, and also erect something from the ground up, but I can't (am not allowed) drill any holes in the wall. What do you suggest? Thanks in advance!

    • (thinking outside the box) How about glueing something up there? no more nails all weather should do it.